Integrative Neuropsychiatric Services of New York


Get the most advanced, individualized neurofeedback treatment from one of the most experienced Neurofeedback providers in NYC (who is also a leading Psychiatrist in the field of brain trauma, post traumatic stress disorder and brain dysfunctions).

Dr. Daniel Kuhn has helped thousands of patients with Neurofeedback in New York City over the past 24 years.

Chances are, he can help you too.

If you or someone close to you is suffering from Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD), Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), minor Traumatic Brain Injury or many other neurological or psychiatric conditions, call Dr. Kuhn today to schedule a consultation.

After 28 Neurofeedback sessions my son is off his medication for ADHD

My 12 year old son was taking Ritalin for the past 2.5 years because he had ADHD. 28 neurofeedback sessions later his Conner's test is normal and he is off his medication. I can hardly believe it! I recommend neurofeedback and Dr. Kuhn's office to everyone I know. Thank you Dr. Kuhn.

Kaite S.NYC, NY

What is Neurofeedback?

Neurofeedback is a non-invasive and safe treatment approach which has been proven to be effective in treating a wide range of conditions associated with brain dysfunction in most cases.

Abnormal brainwave patterns are usually associated with local areas of dysfunction and impairment in the connection and communication between brain regions. Their specific location is associated with specific dysfunctions like memory, attention or executive functions, tinnitus etc. and they are found in a wide range of psychiatric and neurological disorders (e.g. stroke, concussion, learning disability) as well as in the undiagnosed ‘normal’ population where people experience certain deficits (e.g. anxiety, insomnia, depression).

What is Neurofeedback Good For?

Research has shown that Neurofeedback improves many conditions including (A-Z):

  • ADD / ADHD
  • Anxiety and Panic Disorders
  • Asperger Syndrome
  • Autism
  • Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
  • Chronic Pain
  • Conduct Disorders
  • Depression
  • Eating Disorders
  • Epilepsy
  • Learning Disabilities
  • Migraines
  • Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
  • Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
  • Premenstrual Syndrome
  • Sleep Disorders
  • Tourette Syndrome
  • Traumatic Brain Injury

Why Neurofeedback with Dr. Kuhn?

Dr. Kuhn isn’t your ‘typical’ Neurofeedback provider. He…

  • He is a Medical Doctor, with a specialty in Psychiatry, who has special psychotherapeutic skills, and uses psychotropic medications when needed.
  • He has over 24 years of experience administering Neurofeedback
  • He has treated thousands of patients in the NYC metro area
  • In 1992 he became the first practitioner in NYC to utilize QEEG in clinical psychiatric practice
  • He specializes in Mild TBI (Traumatic Brain Injury) and Post Concussion Syndrome
  • He was the founding member of the New York Society of Traumatic Brain Injury
  • He is the creator of the Kuhn Method™, a deconditioning paradigm
  • He treats surgeons, professionals and top artists around the world who suffer from PTSD and Trauma
  • He conducts seminars on peak performance and unblocking creativity and career
  • He is an international Speaker

My anxiety has decreased significantly and I feel like a new person

I've suffered from anxiety for years and nothing helped except for medication. Until now... I've been doing neurofeedback twice a week for 3 months and I've noticed a huge reduction in my anxiety. And I'm sleeping better than I can remember. I cannot tell you how much better I feel.

Chris D.NYC, NY

Thank you, Dr. Kuhn!

After getting in a mild fender bender I was feeling dizzy and had the wost headache for weeks. I did not feel right, though doctors at the hospital said I was fine. Dr. Kuhn diagnosed me with a mild traumatic brain injury and treated me with neurofeedback. I look forward to my weekly sessions because they are the only thing that gets rid of my headaches and help me to function better.

Nancy S.Brooklyn, NY

Get the Most Advanced Neurofeedback Training

Depending on your symptoms and condition, Dr Kuhn will prescribe the most effective type of Neurofeedback currently available so that you can benefit from your Neurofeedback sessions as quickly as possible and feel well again.

Surface Neurofeedback

Surface neurofeedback utilizes 2-4 sensors, which are placed on the scalp to train brainwaves.  Examples include Sensorimotor Rhythm (SMR) training as well as Alpha/Theta training. Training SMR amplitudes in the brain has been proven effective to treat restlessness, inattention, and seizures.  Alpha/Theta training enhances the ratio of Theta waves to Alpha waves to produce a deep, relaxed state and is an effective treatment for traumatic stress, and insomnia.

Z-Score Neurofeedback

Z-Score neurofeedback compares one’s brainwaves against the NeuroGuide peer-reviewed, age-normalized database to better-assess the degree of brain imbalance. This way the training can take into account over and under activation as well as hyper- and hypo-connectivity and train the brain in the direction it needs to go in to achieve optimal levels.

LORETA Neurofeedback

Low-Resolution Brain Electromagnetic Tomography (LORETA) neurofeedback utilizes 19 EEG channels in a cap. Taking into account one’s presenting symptoms as well as the results of the QEEG and other neuropsych tests, LORETA NF allows for the targeting and training of 3-dimensional locations deep within the brain including the ability to target relevant Broadmann areas and functional networks.

Data-Driven Neurofeedback

Before starting Neurofeedback training, Dr. Kuhn will order the following tests and assessments which will help guide the neurofeedback training and set a baseline for your brain function.

These tests and assessments allow us to link your symptoms to the areas in your brain responsible for those symptoms so that Dr. Kuhn can create an individualized, highly targeted neurofeedback treatment protocol for you. This improves treatment outcomes and reduces treatment duration.


The QEEG is a statistical modification of the conventional EEG that greatly enhances its ability to detect brain dysfunction. The results from a QEEG brain mapping help determine regions of interest to target with Neurofeedback.

IntegNeuro Battery

The IntegNeuro Battery of cognitive function tests provides a neuropsychological assessment of brain dysfunction to guide treatment protocols. It utilizes a focussed and researched set of tools designed to provide meaningful diagnostic information to the
clinician about sensorimotor, attentional, memory, executive planning, emotions and aspects of language function as well as social cognition. Repeat administrations allow for re-assessment to gauge progress and improvements.

Continuous Performance Test

The Conner’s Continuous Performance Test measures attention-related problems in individuals aged eight years and older. By indexing the respondent’s performance in areas of inattentiveness, impulsivity, sustained attention, and vigilance, the CPT can aid in the assessment of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD) and other neurological conditions related to attention.

Call Us Today

Call us today at (212) 315-1755 or complete this form and we’ll call you back.

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Daniel Kuhn, M.D.

Daniel Kuhn, M.D, Board Certified Psychiatrist, and Medical Director of Integrative Neuropsychiatric Services of New York.

Physician Endorsements for Neurofeedback

The American Academy of Pediatrics has endorsed Neurofeedback as a “Level 1/Best Support” for children with ADHD, the same rating as stimulant medication.

“The literature, which lacks any negative study of substance, suggests that EEG biofeedback therapy should play a major therapeutic role in many difficult areas. In my opinion, if any medication had demonstrated such a wide spectrum of efficacy, it would be universally accepted and widely used (Clinical Electroencephalography, 2000).”

– Frank Duffy, MD, Neurologist, Head of the Neuroimaging Department and of Neuroimaging Research at Boston’s Children’s Hospital and Harvard Medical School Professor

“In my 38 years of practice, I have never seen any treatment that comes close to producing the results that Neurofeedback offers… I have seen results achieved in days and weeks that previously took months and years to achieve, using the best methods available to us.”

– Jack Woodward, MD, Board Certified Psychiatrist

“This is a unique use of neurofeedback. It has been used for helping with a number of conditions such as attention deficit disorder and epilepsy, but this is the first time it has been used to improve a complex set of skills such as musical performance in healthy students.”

Researchers from Imperial College London and Charing Cross Hospital have discovered a way to help musicians improve their musical performances by an average of up to 17 per cent, equivalent to an improvement of one grade or class of honours. The research published in this months edition of Neuroreport, shows that using a process known as neurofeedback, students at London’s Royal College of Music were able to improve their performance across a number of areas including their musical understanding and imagination, and their communication with the audience.

– Dr. Tobias Egner, from Imperial College London at Charing Cross Hospital, one of the authors of the study

“EEG biofeedback [Neurofeedback] meets the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry criteria for clinical guideline (CG) for treatment of ADHD, seizure disorders, anxiety (OCD, GAD, PTSD, phobias), depression, reading disabilities, and addictive disorders. This suggests that EEG biofeedback should always be considered as an intervention for these disorders.”

– Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America

“EEG biofeedback [Neurofeedback], in the long term management of ADHD providing a sustained effect even without stimulant treatment… Parents interested in non-psychopharmacologic treatment can pursue the use of complementary and alternative therapy. The therapy most promising by recent clinical trials appears to be EEG biofeedback.”

– Katie Campbell Daley, M.D., Department of Medicine, Children’s Hospital Boston and in the Department of Pediatrics of the Harvard Medical School.

“Among the newer approaches to managing ADD, the most exciting is a learning process called Neurofeedback. It empowers a person to shift the way he pays attention. After more than twenty-five years of research in university labs, Neurofeedback has become more widely available. This is a pleasing development, because Neurofeedback has no negative side effects.”

– William Sears, M.D. Author of “The A.D.D. Book.”

“It [Neurofeedback] improves seizures, depression, low self-esteem or congenital head injuries, and it helps the ‘craziness’ that often comes with these…Patients report they sleep better, they don’t have seizures, they are more in control, and that they get more work done. It helps with closed head injury patients. It helps with chronic neurologic disease, where there is no active injury but there are problems with normal functioning. We’ve had success with multiple sclerosis, with toxic encephalopathy (for example, chemical poisoning interfering with neurologic functioning), with chronic pain, migraines and fibromyalgia. And of course, we get very good results with ADD.”

– Jonathan Walker, M.D. Neurologist, Dallas, TX

“In my experience with EEG Biofeedback [Neurofeedback] and ADD, many people are able to improve their reading skills and decrease their need for medication. Also, EEG Biofeedback has helped to decrease impulsivity and aggressiveness. It is a powerful tool, in part because the patient becomes part of the treatment process by taking more control over his own physiological processes.”

– Daniel Amen, M.D. CEO and Medical Director, Amen Clinics, Inc., Author of “Change Your Brain, Change Your Life.”

“Traumatic brain injuries constitute significant health and societal problems which can be ameliorated with some recent developments in neurofeedback. The field of neurofeedback has evolved from single channel to multiple-site training, and with LORETA Z-score training, deeper levels of the brain can reached. Neurofeedback for traumatic brain injury patients may provide improvements never before possible.”

-J. Lawrence Thomas, PhD, BCN, and Mark L. Smith, LCSW, BCN

Neurofeedback FAQ

Don’t see the answer to a question you have? Please contact us.


What is Neurofeedback?

Neurofeedback is a form of biofeedback that trains EEG brainwaves in the head.

How does neurofeedback work?

Through Operant Conditioning — neurofeedback works by monitoring the electrical signals in the head and providing instantaneous, real-time rewards that take the form of auditory and visual cues.

What happens during a neurofeedback session?

The brain is wired to respond to novel stimuli, so the process is passive. A client will sit in a comfortable chair and have anywhere from 2-19 sensors placed on the scalp. You will then

Do I have to stop taking my medication when I am doing neurofeedback?

No, while you may need to discontinue medication for 3 days prior to undergoing a QEEG brainmapping, you may continue to take necessary medications throughout Neurofeedback treatment.


What conditions can neurofeedback help with?

Neurofeedback training has an impact on attention disorders, learning disabilities, memory, hyperactivity, sleep disorders, anxiety-depression spectrum, Post Traumatic Stress, anxiety and panic Disorders, OCD, behavior disorders, headaches, migraines, PMS, and emotional disturbances. It is helpful in organic brain conditions such as Traumatic Brain Injury, Post Concussion Syndrome, Post Stroke, Epilepsy, Asperger Syndrome, Autism, as well as Cerebral Palsy.

What is the success rate?

While the duration of treatment, including the number of sessions may vary by individual, the success rate is high.

What are the positive outcomes of neurofeedback?

Neurofeedback training teaches the brain to modulate excitatory and inhibitory patterns of specific neuronal assemblies and pathways based upon the details of the sensor placement and the feedback algorithms used thereby increasing flexibility and self-regulation of relaxation and activation patterns.

How soon will you see changes?

It can take between 1-5 sessions before changes are noticed, though, in some cases they can be immediate.

Do these changes last?

The changes last longer with repeated, regular sessions until the brain establishes a new healthier equilibrium, at which point changes can be permanent.

What does the research say about neurofeedback?

Neurofeedback has been practiced for over 4 decades and there are thousands of studies showing the clinical efficacy of treatment. A comprehensive list of scholarly articles can be found here:

How do we know if neurofeedback is working?

You will experience a reduction in negative symptoms and an increased sense of well being and self-control. Physiological and performance improvement will be detected by repeating QEEG as well as symptom checking and cognitive tests.


How often should I have neurofeedback sessions?

It is recommended to schedule Neurofeedback training sessions at least once or twice a week.

How many sessions will I needed?

The number of sessions greatly depends on what is being treated.

How long are the sessions themselves?

Each session is scheduled for 45 minutes, though the actual neurofeedback training will last from 20-30 minutes of that time.


Is neurofeedback safe?

Yes, Neurofeedback is entirely safe. It is non-invasive. It encourages your brain to adjust and normalize its function in a targeted region in a way that makes the most sense for your brain. On the other hand, medication affects the whole brain and therefore causes many side effects; it has a limited effect of several hours only with no long-term remedy in most cases.

Are there any potential side effects from doing neurofeedback?

No studies have found any negative effects from neurofeedback.

How old does a child have to be to start neurofeedback?

Neurofeedback can benefit people of all ages.


Is neurofeedback covered by insurance?

We do not accept any private insurance. We can provide a bill that can be submitted to your insurance for possible reimbursement, but payment is expected at the time of service.


What tests do I have to take prior to starting neurofeedback?

Preferably you will undergo a QEEG brainmapping as well as a neuro-cognitive battery of tests, symptoms assessments and neuropsychiatric evaluation by Dr. Kuhn before beginning the treatment with NF.

Can I start neurofeedback prior to the tests?

You can start training before completing all tests, but that may not allow for a specific, individualized protocol and treatment direction.

Do I have to have the tests to undergo neurofeedback training?

It is not always necessary to undergo all tests, though each one aids in treatment planning.

When are tests repeated?

Tests are repeated to assess treatment progress, but when they are repeated varies by treatment duration and frequency.


Do you have to be able to intentionally apply the strategies you learn in neurofeedback to have the benefits in daily life?

NF is a sub-cortical process that operates without the active engagement of an individual. The brain is responding to the positive feedback without your conscious involvement.

Does the person who is training have to know or understand how neurofeedback works?

While hopefully, everyone wants to improve their brain functioning, it is not necessary for successful outcomes.

What else can I do to support the neurofeedback brain training, to make it work better, or make it more likely to be effective?

Counseling and brief psychotherapy may be helpful in certain cases.

What do you have to do when you are training? How do you get your brain to change?

The brain will change on its own through Operant Conditioning of the brainwaves. During a training session one can either close their eyes and listen to the sounds or watch a game display on the screen that corresponds with the auditory rewards.